Learning   Examples | Foundations | Hacking | Links

Examples > Strings

String Character Functions

The String functions charAt() and setCharAt() are used to get or set the value of a character at a given position in a String.

At their simplest, these functions help you search and replace a given character. For example, the following replaces the colon in a given String with an equals sign:

String reportString = "SensorReading: 456";
 int colonPosition = reportString.indexOf(':');
 reportString.setCharAt(colonPosition, '=');

Here's an example that checks to see if the first letter of the second word is 'B':

String reportString = "Franklin, Benjamin";
 int spacePosition = reportString.indexOf(' ');
 if (reportString.charAt(spacePosition + 1) == 'B') {
    Serial.println("You might have found the Benjamins.")
 }

Caution: If you try to get the charAt or try to setCharAt() a value that's longer than the String's length, you'll get unexpected results. If you're not sure, check to see that the position you want to set or get is less than the string's length using the length() function.

Hardware Required:

  • Arduino Board

Circuit

There is no circuit for this example, though your Arduino must be connected to your computer via USB.

image developed using Fritzing. For more circuit examples, see the Fritzing project page

Code

/*
  String charAt() and setCharAt()
 
 Examples of how to get and set characters of a String
 
 created 27 July 2010
 modified 2 Apr 2012
 by Tom Igoe
 
 http://arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/StringCharacters
 
 This example code is in the public domain.
 */


void setup() {
  // Open serial communications and wait for port to open:
  Serial.begin(9600);
  while (!Serial) {
    ; // wait for serial port to connect. Needed for Leonardo only
  }

  Serial.println("\n\nString  charAt() and setCharAt():");
}

void loop() {
  // make a string to report a sensor reading:
  String reportString = "SensorReading: 456";
  Serial.println(reportString);

  // the reading's most significant digit is at position 15 in the reportString:
  char mostSignificantDigit = reportString.charAt(15);
  Serial.println("Most significant digit of the sensor reading is: " + mostSignificantDigit);

  // add blank space:
  Serial.println();

  // you can alo set the character of a string. Change the : to a = character
  reportString.setCharAt(13, '=');
  Serial.println(reportString);

  // do nothing while true:
  while(true);
}

See Also:

Share